Is cryptorchidism common in dogs?

Last Update: May 27, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Asked by: Ms. Haven Boyle V
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Cryptorchidism affects approximately 1-3% of all dogs. The condition appears to be inherited since it is commonly seen in families of dogs, although the exact cause is not fully understood.

When should you neuter a cryptorchid dog?

Cryptorchidism is a condition in which a male dog's testicles have not completely descended into the scrotum. Descent to the final scrotal position should be completed by two months of age.

Should I buy a dog with cryptorchidism?

Even though the probability of metastasis (or spreading) is low, it is still possible. So leaving your dog intact can be an unnecessary risk. Since cryptorchidism is a genetic disease, it is not recommended to breed dogs with this condition, as the father could pass it along to his offspring.

What causes dog cryptorchidism?

Causes of Cryptorchidism in Dogs

Cryptorchidism appears to have some genetic predisposition because it is seen in the familial lines of dogs. The exact cause, however, is unknown. It is considered to be an X-linked autosomal recessive trait, so a cryptorchid male should not be used for breeding.

Is cryptorchidism fatal in dogs?

The condition can lead to serious complications in dogs, including testicular cancer, so it's important to treat it quickly. If you suspect your dog suffers from cryptorchidism, contact your veterinarian right away. They can diagnose the condition and begin treatment as early as possible.

How to Treat Cryptorchidism in Dogs

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Is cryptorchidism in dogs painful?

Pain is rarely associated with cryptorchidism. One complication that may happen, and will cause severe abdominal pain, is the spermatic cord twisting onto itself. On occasion, other abnormalities are associated with cryptorchidism.

How much does cryptorchidism surgery cost for dogs?

Depending on the veterinarian that is used, some only charge an additional $100 onto the cost of a regular neuter. If diagnostic imaging is needed, or if the testicles are deep in the abdomen, the price tends to be higher. A cryptorchid neuter may cost up to $800 in large breeds or complicated scenarios.

How do you know if your dog has cryptorchidism?

The testes develop near the kidneys within the abdomen and normally descend into the scrotum by two months of age. In certain dogs it may occur later, but rarely after six months of age. Cryptorchidism may be presumed to be present if the testicles cannot be felt in the scrotum after two to four months of age.

Can cryptorchidism be corrected?

An undescended testicle is usually corrected with surgery. The surgeon carefully manipulates the testicle into the scrotum and stitches it into place (orchiopexy). This procedure can be done either with a laparoscope or with open surgery.

How does cryptorchidism occur?

Cryptorchidism occurs when one or both of the testicles do not descend into the scrotum while the fetus is developing. During gestation, the testicles form in the abdomen and gradually drop through the inguinal canal into the scrotum at around month 8 of pregnancy.

Is cryptorchidism genetic?

Cryptorchidism is a common congenital anomaly that shows familial clustering and increased prevalence in first-degree relatives, suggesting that genetic factors contribute to the etiology. Animal models and some human data suggest that environmental exposures may also contribute to risk.

How can I help my dogs balls drop?

The only treatment for both unilateral and bilateral cryptorchidism is surgically neutering your dog. Neutering a dog with retained testes is more complicated because it involves locating and removing the testes from the inguinal canal or wherever in the abdomen they may be.

How long does cryptorchid surgery take?

During the surgery, your child will be given a numbing medication—either an injection in the low back called a caudal (COD-ull) or directly into the incision (in-SIZH-yun), or cut—to relieve discomfort after the surgery. This surgery takes about 45 minutes, but recovery from the anesthesia might take several hours.

When do male dogs start humping?

Puppies don't reach puberty until they're six to eight months old, so humping is non-sexual play behaviour. It's one of the first ways a puppy discovers its own strength and social standing.

When do dogs balls get big?

The testicular growth is rapid (width: 0,6 mm/week) between 22 and 36 weeks of age. The first spermatozoa are observed at the end of this period (32 to 34 weeks of age).

Is undescended testicle surgery painful?

During the procedure, the undescended testicle is moved to its normal position in the scrotum. It is normal to have some discomfort at home especially at the wound sites. This typically lasts for a few days. You may see swelling/bruising of the groin and/or scrotum.

Can undescended testicle correct itself?

The vast majority of the time, the undescended testicle moves into the proper position on its own, within the first few months of life. If your son has an undescended testicle that doesn't correct itself, surgery can relocate the testicle into the scrotum.

Is undescended testicle bad?

An undescended testicle increases the risk of infertility (not being able to have children), testicular cancer, hernias and testicular torsion (twisting). An empty scrotum also can cause significant psychological stress as the boy gets older. For these reasons, early treatment is very important.

What happens if an undescended testicle is left untreated?

An undescended testicle that is left untreated can lead to future health problems. These include an increased risk of infertility and cancer.

How is cryptorchidism diagnosis?

Unfortunately, there's no test, such as an ultrasound, that can definitively show whether a testicle is there. Surgery is the only way to find out for sure. Pediatric urologists are experts in both open and laparoscopic surgery.

Can a dog with one testicle reproduce?

At least cryptorchid dogs can be neutered and placed as wonderful pets. Still, it makes sense to never breed a cryptorchid dog as we know he is affected. And yes, cryptorchids are fertile as the one testicle outside the body can produce viable sperm.

How much does testicular surgery cost?

The cost of Testicular Implant Surgery in India ranges between USD 730 to USD 800. The required hospital stay is of 2 days and 7 days outside the hospital. The success rate of Testicular Implant Surgery is 95%.

How long is recovery from undescended testicle surgery?

Your Child's Recovery

This is usually in 2 or 3 days. Your child may also have pain, swelling, or bruises in the groin area. Medicines can help with pain. Swelling or bruising should start to go away 2 to 3 weeks after surgery.

What should a dog look like after being neutered?

For the first few days after surgery, the dog's scrotum will be swollen. You would be far from the first person to wonder if the vet really did the surgery: “Doc, are you sure he was neutered? It looks — well, it looks just the same as it did before surgery.

Can cryptorchidism cause infertility?

In unilateral cryptorchidism, the incidence of infertility may be as high as 32% and up to 59% of men with bilateral cryptorchidism may be infertile despite surgical correction by orchidopexy.